The North Coast
The North Coast Plan area includes a spectacular ocean coastline with deep fjords, windswept headlands, ocean inlets, and thousands of islands.
The traditional marine territories of the Gitga’at, Gitxaala, Haisla, Kitselas, Kitsumkalum and Metlakatla lie within its scope.
First Nations have managed the territories and resources of the North Coast for millennia, and continue to rely on the bountiful and diverse ecosystems of the coast to sustain their vibrant cultures and economies.
The contemporary industrial economy of the North Coast has been built largely on a fishing, mining, and forestry resource base but has also depended on manufacturing and tourism-related activities. A commercial fishery has depended on salmon, cod, herring and shrimp, among others.
Their coastal waters support:
- Spawning and feeding areas for salmon, oolachon and herring
- Quiet marine waters for recovering populations of humpback whales and orca
- Marine habitat for a wide variety of seabirds
- Foraging grounds for seals, sea lions and other marine mammals
Ocean Threats and Opportunities
Commercial fishing, logging and processing have dominated the North Coast economy since the early 1900s. Growing sectors include recreational fishing, tourism and port activities.
The North Coast Plan identifies Tourism and Recreation Special Management Zones to develop economic opportunities while protecting ocean ecosystems and resources.