The Haida Gwaii Marine Plan was developed with the co-leadership of the Council of the Haida Nation and the Province of British Columbia with input from local communities, industry and other coastal stakeholders.

Haida Gwaii – Islands of the People

Haida Gwaii is an archipelago of approximately 150 islands set on the edge of the continental shelf off British Columbia’s north Pacific Coast.

A complex Haida culture has been supported for millennia by the sea’s bounty:

  • Pacific Halibut, salmon and albacore tuna
  • Herring, sablefish, rock and groundfish
  • Dungeness crab, prawn, shrimp and geoduck clams
  • Red sea urchin and sea cucumber

Known worldwide for its diversity of seabirds and rich marine life, Haida Gwaii is home to:

  • 13 species of nesting seabirds
  • Migrating grey and humpback whales
  • Killer whales, Pacific harbour seals and Steller sea lions
  • Hecate Strait glass sponge reefs, coral and rare plant species

Ocean Threats and Opportunities

This diverse marine environment faces growing threats, challenges and opportunities:

  • Declining fisheries include once abundant Pacific herring populations
  • Species at risk include the endangered northern abalone
  • Increasing recreational fishing presents potential jobs while requiring management of impacts on salmon and halibut stocks