What is a Marine Protected Area?
Marine Protected Areas can help address human impacts on our oceans from overfishing, pollution and climate change.
Just like protected areas on land, MPAs set aside important ocean areas—from sea floor to surface—for conservation, safeguarding these areas from disruptive activities, such as commercial fishing, shipping and industrial activity. MPAs will ensure marine ecosystems stay productive and resilient, supporting food security and protecting coastal jobs into the future.
When used with other marine management tools, such as fishing closures and species protection, MPAs help protect, restore and replenish marine resources.
Marine areas already under protection include two conservation areas co-managed by the Council of the Haida Nation with Canada:
First Nations community marine use plans have identified specific areas to protect based on the values our communities want to see protected. These Protection Management Zones (PMZs) and Special Management Zone (SPMZs) will range from full closures for all activity, to community use only, to exclusion zones that prohibit only specific activities.